- Practical Life: is the area in the classroom that encompasses, the skills practical to everyday life. These exercises develop an understanding of the process and order of an activity with a beginning, middle and end. In addition, Practical Life develops concentration and inner discipline.
- Sensorial: is the area in the classroom where the materials are used to help a child develop and refine their five senses. By using these materials constitutes the next level of difficulty after those of Practical Life.
- Math: in the Montessori classroom learning mathematical concepts begin concretely and progress toward the abstract. They are developed from simple to complex. Process is taught first and facts come later. Order, coordination, concentration, and independence are experienced by the child using the Montessori math materials.
- Language: the Montessori classroom is designed in such a way that all activities gear themselves naturally toward the development of the skills required for oral and written language and reading. The teacher speaks in whole language using this approach brings the most success for native and non-native English speaking children. Language development is also encouraged in the classroom because of the freedom of conversation allowed to children.
- Geography/Cultural: the Montessori Geography curriculum is two-fold: physical and cultural geography. Physical geography discusses the formation of the universe, the earth, and all its physical properties. Cultural geography is the study of human society and culture.
- Science: Science is an integral element of the Montessori curriculum. Among other things, it represents a way of life: a clear-thinking approach to gathering information and problem solving. The scope of the Montessori science curriculum includes a sound introduction to botany, zoology, chemistry, physics, geology and astronomy.
- Grace and Courtesy: Another important aspect of the Montessori prepared environment includes the lessons of grace and courtesy. In the Montessori classroom, they include lessons on how to say please and thank you, politely interrupting someone, making verbal greetings, or introducing friends and acquaintances. Through grace and courtesy, a child can develop and refine social skills while building self-esteem and independence.
“Adverting war is the work of politicians, establishing peace is the work of education.”
~ Dr. Maria Montessori
- Peace Curriculum: Peace education is implicit in the Montessori curriculum and in its materials. An emphasis on peace is cultivated in the classroom by combining the actual experience of peace with hands-on peace-making skills, exercises in mindfulness and intellectual academic activities leading to the understanding of peace. Lessons in grace and courtesy using a peace table in the classroom and conflict resolution tactics give children concrete ways to practice and model peace among themselves.